Waste rubber recycling enterprises are difficult to sustain.
recently, I received a letter from Beijing Fanyang Weiye Technology Co., Ltd., a mobile name driven by the Department to move the stretching attachments (or tightening and zigzag attachments) up and down, to this newspaper, reflecting that this high-tech enterprise, which used to be a prosperous waste rubber industry cluster distribution and processing mode for rubber recycling, could not be supported by national policies, coupled with market chaos, The production of the enterprise was unsustainable and was forced to stop production. They suggested that the media could appeal to them to save this environmental protection enterprise and the waste rubber recycling industry
according to the readers' feedback, I came to Beijing Fanyang Weiye Technology Co., Ltd. and visited the company's fine rubber powder production base in the suburbs of Beijing. What I saw were closed doors, idle equipment, and empty factory areas. In the face of this situation, it's hard to believe that this is the production base of Beijing Fanyang Weiye Technology Co., Ltd., the country's largest fine rubber powder production enterprise
at the interview, Pang Shuhua, one of the company's principals, told us about the unfortunate experience of the enterprise from prosperity to decline. China has an annual output of hundreds of millions of tires, ranking third in the world. How to effectively use waste tires and prevent pollution has always been a worldwide problem. At present, there are many ways to use waste tires, such as retreading, shredding as fuel for power generation, chemical cracking to recover carbon black and fuel oil, and making rubber particles, but the world is increasingly inclined to use waste tires to produce rubber powder, because rubber powder has irreplaceable advantages: the latter has no pollution caused by the production of reclaimed rubber, and there is no other secondary pollution. Green chemistry is guiding the next generation of materials Development and progress of products and processes; Moreover, rubber powder products have high scientific and technological content, and the equipment and products are suitable for international operation, which is in line with the international development trend. The most magical thing about rubber powder is that it can make the utilization rate of waste tires reach 100%, which can be recycled. It is truly recycled and sustainable development
it is precisely because of the attractive development prospect of rubber powder that the company invested in the construction of a production base with an annual output of 10000 tons of fine rubber powder in the outer suburbs of Beijing in May 2000. In May 2001, the company completed the installation and commissioning of the first phase of the 5000 ton production line, put it into formal production and supplied goods to customers at home and abroad. The product is 80-200 mesh fine rubber powder, which is the only manufacturer recognized by peers at home and abroad that can industrialized mass produce 200 mesh fine rubber powder at room temperature. The production line, from waste tire input to the packaging of fine rubber powder finished products, is continuously automated. After coarse crushing, medium crushing, impurity removal (metal, fiber), special crushing additives treatment, fine crushing, classification and other procedures, all process and technical indicators of the whole line are fully automated under the supervision of the central computer centralized control room. It is the first fully automated computer centralized control fine rubber powder production line in the same industry in China, The production scale also ranks among the top spears in the same industry in China
Pang Shuhua said that the fine rubber powder made by room temperature additives has created an industrial batch production of more than 200 mesh (particle size 75 μ Fine rubber powder and ultra-fine rubber powder below m) make the reuse products of waste tires move towards a higher value-added direction until rubber nano materials take a big step forward. These superfine rubber powders have broad prospects in the development of new rubber and plastic blend materials, new building decoration materials, special spraying, modified asphalt for highways and other new materials
recall the past glory, Pang Shuhua said with great emotion: "The company's' preparation of fine rubber powder from waste rubber by ambient temperature additives' project has attracted the attention of governments and peers at home and abroad because of its advanced technology, original process and the economic and social benefits it can create. At that time, customers and businessmen from the United States, Canada, the United Arab Emirates, Switzerland and other countries, as well as officials from the environmental protection agency and the economic development agency of the British government, visited the company and discussed cooperation matters. Through the United States, South Korea, Canada, Switzerland and other countries After many tests by relevant national departments, the products fully meet the technical quality standard of astmd5603-96 of the American Materials Association. Switzerland and South Korea have signed formal supply contracts with us. "
it is understood that due to the chaos of the waste rubber recycling industry, the state has no clear policy provisions in this field, and this enterprise was forced to stop production after struggling for 4 years. Why do good enterprises fail? Pang Shuhua said that at present, the largest fine rubber powder plants in China are all in the state of shutdown or semi shutdown. Although the reasons for the shutdown of each manufacturer are different, the common problems they reflect deserve attention
high tax rates have plunged enterprises into serious losses. As the waste tires are purchased from farmers who enter the city to collect waste products, they cannot obtain VAT invoices, and the enterprise has to bear the vat of 17% of the sales. Compared with the 6% actual value-added tax deducted from the input tax of machinery, chemical industry and other manufacturing industries, the actual tax burden of environmental friendly waste recycling enterprises is several times that of them. The high purchase cost of waste tires and high taxes have made the product cost higher than that of similar products in developed countries
the utilization of environmental friendly renewable resource products lacks policy support. As a non polluting renewable resource, the application of rubber powder is beneficial to the country and the people, and should be strongly supported by the government. However, at present, due to policy obstacles, it is difficult to promote it in the domestic market. In recent years, China's fine rubber powder technology has developed rapidly, especially the fine rubber powder products at room temperature have reached the international advanced level. Originally, these waste rubber wastes can turn waste into treasure and earn foreign exchange for the country, but compared with developed countries, plus port and miscellaneous charges, sea freight, insurance premium and tariffs, they simply cannot participate in international market competition. Among these costs, waste tire raw materials and value-added tax accounted for 58%, which made the rubber powder enterprises that had just started unable to bear, and finally was dragged down step by step
during the investigation, it was learned that this was not the only enterprise that produced environmentally friendly renewable resources products to go bankrupt. Does China really not need to recycle waste tires? In fact, the methods of solid waste disposal such as landfill and combustion are not applicable to waste tires. Waste tires belong to non fusible or refractory polymer elastic materials. It takes hundreds of years for their macromolecules to decompose to the extent that they do not affect the growth of plants in the soil. The industry calls it "black pollution". In some areas, waste tires are used as fuel, and serious pollution has made the surrounding areas barren
experts worry that this will cause great harm to China's ecological environment. They hope that the government can formulate a practical measure to implement "national treatment" for waste tire recycling enterprises. Such as adjusting the value-added tax collection methods of waste tire rubber powder production and processing, resource reuse enterprises; Formulate policies to encourage all walks of life to use rubber resources and reuse products. Only when the policies are really in place can these enterprises come back from the dead and truly realize the sustainable development path of recycling old tires
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