The hottest waste treatment promotes packaging inn

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Waste disposal promotes packaging innovation

according to statistics, the total output of packaging products in China in 2000 was 20.34 million tons. Among them, 11.89 million tons of paper products, 2 fluorine film plastic products have been basically installed. 410000 tons, 1.78 million tons of metal products and 4.26 million tons of glass containers have been basically completed. 688 cities across the country produced 190 million tons of garbage in 2000, with 440 kg of garbage per capita

in order to study the proportion of packaging waste in urban waste, we assume that all packaging products produced in this year are discarded as urban waste, so the proportion of packaging waste in urban waste in 2000 was 10.7%. Because packaging waste is very concentrated in cities and produces very strong visual effects, people pay extensive attention to this "white pollution". In recent years, a considerable amount of packaging waste has been recycled, so the actual proportion of packaging waste in urban waste should be less than 10.7%

at present, the main methods of packaging waste treatment at home and abroad are:

reuse: recycle and treat all or part of the packaging after use, and then use it for packaging again

recycle: recycle the used packaging for treatment and reprocessing, and use it in different fields

recover: utilize the heat energy of the recycled material through incineration

landfill: send it to the garbage dump together with urban garbage for burial

at present, the situation of packaging waste reuse and energy in Western European countries is shown in Table 1. It can be seen that in these developed countries, recycling and utilization of energy have reached a very high level, and the utilization of energy is slightly higher than the recycling level

Table 1: Statistics of packaging waste recycling and energy utilization in Western European countries

total recycled energy in countries%

(recycle) (energyrecover)

Denmark 97685

Germany 511970

wear resistance tester mainly passes through the layer to be worn and friction paper of the sample

France 123749

Italy 121022

Greece 21921

Ireland 404

Western Europe 182240

China should vigorously provide the reuse of packaging. Packaging designers and producers should produce more reusable packaging, and consumers should consciously choose reusable packaging. For example, you don't have to buy soy sauce in bottles every time. You can buy soy sauce in plastic bags, pour the soy sauce into the original soy sauce bottle after you go home, and continue to use it

in our cities, we should vigorously promote the recycling of packaging, because it is necessary and economical. In rural and remote areas, the proportion of recovery and recycling should not be rigidly stipulated, because recovery and recycling in these areas may cause greater waste of resources and pollution. Energy reuse should be advocated. Because the use of high technology can achieve safe combustion and prevent environmental pollution. Burning packaging waste such as plastic is much cleaner than burning coal. Because the calorific value of packaging waste such as plastic is very high, the heat energy released when it burns is slightly lower than that of fuel oil. It is also a finished product of oil. Before it is burned, packaging has made a greater contribution to human society than fuel oil, because packaging waste is collected and transported in cities, which can save a lot of energy and costs than long-distance transportation of coal. The number of burials should be minimized. China is a country with a shortage of resources and a large number of cheap labor. We should try to separate the available resources before burying the garbage

reduce is the primary packaging principle recognized at home and abroad. When realizing the protection, transportation, storage and sales functions of packaging, the first consideration is to minimize the use of packaging materials. The best packaging for the environment is the one with the least use. When the recyclability of packaging conflicts with the reduction of usage, the latter is more beneficial to the environment. In China, we should resolutely oppose excessive packaging and eradicate it from the root of public consumption

green packaging is a very fashionable term, but it is difficult for experts to define it strictly, and it is difficult for authoritative institutions to identify which kind of packaging is green packaging. Because no matter how good the packaging is, it will also cause pollution if it is discarded at will after use. We advocate green packaging, which is less harmful to the environment and human beings and easy to recycle and dispose

judgments and decisions on environmental issues based on general concepts and common sense are often dangerous. Because people generally cannot see all links of the whole life cycle of a product (or service). Only by examining the total impact on the environment in all links of the whole life cycle can we avoid the subjectivity and blindness of decision-making. Life cycle analysis should be vigorously promoted in China

the use of banned means is the most severe means, which is much more severe than the method of compulsory recycling adopted by some developed countries. It means closing a number of enterprises, abandoning a number of equipment and unemployment of a number of workers. The practice of several years should arouse our reflection. Is it the wisest choice to adopt the method of prohibition

historical experience is worth learning from. When floods occurred in the Xia Dynasty, Yu's father Gu used the method of "blocking" to control the floods, but failed and was executed. Yu adopted the method of "guiding" through investigation and comparison, and achieved success. This enlightens us: is it more effective to strengthen recycling and disposal than simply banning

developed countries have achieved results in protecting the declining cost environment, not by banning, but by strengthening recycling and disposal. There is no prohibition clause in the German Packaging Law, which mainly stipulates the recyclers and processors of packaging waste and the recycling proportion of various packaging waste: a DSD company specially responsible for recycling packaging waste has been established, and a system of enterprise payment and implementation of green dot logo has been established. Germany's strict management model has achieved good results, and it has been adopted by some other countries. The "flexible policy" implemented by France on this basis has also achieved good results. The United States is taking a different path. It does not rigidly stipulate the recycling proportion of various packaging wastes, and does not limit the way of processing packaging wastes. The processing of packaging wastes is completed by the original urban waste treatment system. According to the analysis of experts who study this problem, the United States has a leading level in this regard. Now it seems that strengthening the recycling and treatment of waste is a good way to protect the environment

establish a packaging waste recycling and treatment system. Referring to the practice of Germany, enterprises can establish a special packaging waste treatment system. This system is not to replace the original urban waste treatment system, but as a supplement to this system, making this system more concise and effective

a few years ago, Beijing and other cities tried to establish special recycling companies. The enterprises that produce packaging pay certain recycling and treatment fees to the recycling companies according to their output, and the recycling companies are responsible for recycling the designated packaging waste. At that time, good results were achieved: five garbage disposal sites in Beijing were filled with white plastic products like hills, and even discarded plastic lunch boxes from nearby provinces and cities were collected. Later, due to the insufficient processing capacity, the market development of the processed products was not done well, and finally stopped recycling, and had to embark on the road of prohibition. Now it seems that if these recyclables were directly sent to the incineration power plant at that time and the treatment fee was handed over to the incineration power plant, this would be a good thing that the power plant could not wait for

the basis of packaging waste recycling and treatment system is packaging enterprises, especially those producing disposable plastic foaming tableware and other products that have a great impact on the environment. For them, it is much better to pay a certain recycling and disposal fee than to be stopped production. For the established packaging enterprises, the pollution can be treated if they can produce. The key to this system is that there are a group of enterprises specially responsible for recycling. They use the recycling fees paid by the production enterprises to recycle the designated packaging waste and send it to the enterprises that deal with them. Because the recycling is not difficult, these enterprises will also be profitable

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