The export decline of China's machine tool industr

2022-10-14
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The decline in the export of China's machine tool industry gradually slowed down

in June this year, the import and export volume of China's machine tool industry increased positively month on month, and the monthly import volume rebounded significantly. However, this favorable situation cannot change the continuous downward trend of import and export of China's machine tool industry

the decline in exports slowed down

according to the statistical data released by the customs, the cumulative export volume of China's machine tool industry from January to June was US $2.13 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 36.2%. The monthly export volume has increased month by month since February, reaching US $380million in June, a year-on-year decrease of 37.5%, a month on month increase of 4.5%, and a positive monthly growth for two consecutive months. With the year-on-year decline in the export volume of the whole industry, the export of individual industries showed a stable rebound. For example, the monthly export volume of machine tool fixture accessories has increased for four consecutive months, and the CNC device and abrasive tool industry has increased for two consecutive months, and the growth rate is large

among them, the foreign trade market of large and heavy machine tools undoubtedly has an eye-catching performance. Since this year, the import and export of large and heavy machine tools have increased rapidly. In the first half of the year, under the trend of year-on-year decline in the export of metal processing machine tools, the year-on-year growth of CNC milling machines, CNC grinding machines and CNC gear processing machines was more than 50%. The average export unit price of large machine tools, such as gantry machining centers, CNC boring and milling machines, CNC gantry milling, CNC forging or stamping machines, doubled to 241%, 413%, 190% and 219% respectively. The export performance of heavy machine tools is better than that of other products. The main reason is that in recent years, heavy machine tool enterprises have increased investment in technological transformation in the adjustment of product structure, forming a number of products with certain competitiveness

the decline in imports narrowed

similar to the export situation, the decline in China's imports also narrowed. In June, the import volume of machine tool products was US $990 million, a year-on-year decrease of 3.9% and a month on month increase of 41.8%. The monthly import volume increased significantly, which was the closest month to the same period in 2008 this year and reached the highest value in nearly eight months. Mainly due to the rapid increase in the import of metal processing machine tools, the monthly import volume reached US $660million, an increase of 10.7% year-on-year. In the first half of the year, the cumulative import volume of the whole industry was US $4.83 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 18.5%, a decrease of 3.1 percentage points higher than that from January to May

this is mainly due to the impact of domestic market demand. Since the end of last year, the national policy of stimulating domestic demand has increased investment in infrastructure construction, while Shandong Hongsheng new materials company plans to put into operation the galvanized production line in May. China's domestic machine tools can not fully meet the market demand, which provides opportunities for the world's major machine tool manufacturers. In June, China's imported metal processing machine tools showed a trend of volume reduction and price increase, with the number decreasing by 4.0% year-on-year, the amount increasing by 10.7% year-on-year, and the average unit price of imports increasing by 15.3% year-on-year. In the first half of the year, the imports of gantry machining center, CNC boring and milling machine, CNC gantry milling machine, CNC surface grinder and CNC gear processing machine tools increased by 15.0%, 37.6%, 159.8%, 23.4% and 86.3% respectively year-on-year. Among them, the average unit price of CNC boring and milling machine and CNC gantry milling machine has more than doubled

in the first half of the year, among the top 10 machine tool imports in China, Asia accounted for 3 seats (Japan, Taiwan, China, South Korea), and Europe accounted for 6 SEATS (Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, France, and Spain). However, in the European camp represented by Germany, the year-on-year growth of machine tools imported into China in the first half of the year was positive, with the exception of Switzerland, the growth rate was higher than 20%, and the average price was generally higher than the overall level. Market demand has shrunk significantly

since this year, the demand of China's major export markets of machine tools, such as Europe, the United States, Japan and other economically developed countries, has fallen sharply. Affected by the international financial crisis, the machine tool markets of India, Brazil and Russia, which rose rapidly last year, are also declining at a double-digit rate. In the first half of the year, the cumulative dynamic friction coefficient of exported machine tools fell to -31.3% from 37.1% of the low end of last year, which is a sudden decline after years of rapid growth

however, the export volume of Asia and Mexico represented by South Korea, Malaysia and Myanmar from January to June did not decline compared with the same period in 2008, but increased: the export volume increased positively year-on-year, and its share in the total export of metal processing machine tools also increased by more than 1 percentage point year-on-year. And the export ranking has improved to varying degrees. South Korea has risen from the 8th place last year to the 3rd place, and Malaysia has risen from the 14th place in 2008 to the 6th place

it is noteworthy that the export volume of China's processing centers to South Korea, Myanmar and Turkey has doubled, ranking among the top three in the export volume of processing centers from January to June respectively. In the same period last year, the export volume to these three countries ranked behind 15, and their average export prices are also more than twice the average export prices of processing centers

judging from the current situation, there are great business opportunities in ASEAN and other regions, which should be firmly grasped; Although India, Brazil, Russia and other markets are declining, they are still higher than the level in 2007, which should also be the focus of attention. In the first half of the year, the export of gantry machining centers, CNC boring and milling machines, CNC gantry milling machines, CNC surface grinders, CNC gear processing machines and other products increased by more than 50%, becoming the main growth point of exports. This provides an opportunity for enterprises to export. Enterprises should adopt market diversification strategy, optimize product structure, tap potential markets, and strive to expand exports

foreign investment has decreased significantly

in today's global economic integration, the crisis inevitably affects all countries in the world and their foreign investment. Therefore, foreign-funded enterprises investing and building factories in China are struggling. From the perspective of CNC machine tools, whether in import or export, the trade volume of foreign-funded enterprises fell sharply, and their share decreased by more than 10 percentage points

the investment mode of importing machine tools with foreign investment has always been the primary import mode of China's machine tool foreign trade. However, in the first half of the year, the amount of CNC machine tools imported in this way was US $1.09 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 26.2%, falling to the second place, and the share also decreased by nearly 10 percentage points. It shows that foreign investment is decreasing in the first half of this year. In addition, at the end of last year, the state adjusted the preferential tax policy for imported equipment of foreign-funded enterprises. The introduction of this policy has led to a decline in the import of machine tools in the form of foreign-invested equipment in China to a certain extent

however, the six measures taken by the state to further stabilize foreign demand and the ten policies to stimulate domestic demand have been reflected in the industry, and domestic enterprises have shown positive performance in both import and export. The export of CNC machine tools by private enterprises was only -5.5% year-on-year, far better than the overall decline of -36.9% year-on-year in the export volume of CNC machine tools. The import of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises bucked the trend, but from 2 p.m. on the 19th, the amount of imported CNC machine tools increased instead of decreased compared with the same period in 2008, with a year-on-year increase of 20.6% and 45.3% respectively, 14.7 and 36.8 percentage points higher than the same period in 2008. Among the CNC machine tools imported by state-owned enterprises and private enterprises, machining centers account for 35%, and large machine tools such as gantry machining centers, horizontal machining centers, CNC gantry milling machines, CNC boring and milling machines account for 27%. The mode of China's foreign trade is also undergoing obvious changes. In the first half of the year, the share of CNC machine tools imported and exported in general trade was further expanded, of which the import volume in this way increased by 31.2% year-on-year, accounting for 47.6%. For the first time, it exceeded the machine tools imported by foreign-funded enterprises' investment equipment, ranking first in the import trade mode. In addition, processing trade, as the main paper products of domestic waste paper recycling are box board, corrugated paper and white paperboard, it is easy to take a gratifying step towards the development of general trade. In the first half of the year, the export of CNC machine tools in processing trade decreased by 64.5% year-on-year, and the share decreased by 11.2 percentage points

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